The months in Ukrainian are very different from those in the Roman calendar because they take their origin from pre– Christian times.
The names of months closely follow weather patterns, agricultural and social activities common for a specific part of a season.
Зима́ /zyma/ – winter
Гру́день /hruden‘/ – December
Гру́день comes from гру́дка землі́ (a soil clod). Before roads were covered with asphalt, after autumn rains, roads were tread by wagons. In December, there were soil clods on the roads (груди, грудки) because of freezing weather.
Сі́чень /sichen‘/ – January
The word cічень came from сочень, which meant the middle of winter.
Лю́тий /liutyi/ – February
The word лютий means furious.
And there is an apparent reason for it: лютий is the coldest month of the year.
Весна́ /vesna/ – spring
Бе́резень /berezen‘/ – March
The word comes from бере́за (a birch). Береза begins to bloom this month.
Кві́тень /kviten‘/ – April
Квітень is derived from кві́тнути (to flower, to blossom). Some trees begin to bloom and smell very nice.
Тра́вень /traven‘/ – May
The name of this month is connected with the word трава́ (grass). The grass is growing.
Лі́то /lito/ – summer
Че́рвень /cherven‘/ – June
Черво́ний means red. There is a red moon and red fruits and berries this month.
Ли́пень /lypen‘/ – July
Липень comes from ли́па (a linden).
Се́рпень /serpen‘/ – August
This month people harvest and reap grain crops with серп (a sickle).
О́сінь /osin‘/ – autumn
Ве́ресень /veresen‘/ – September
This month ве́рес (heather) is blooming.
Жо́втень /zhovten‘/ – October
You might know the colour жо́втий. In October, there are a lot of жовте листя (yellow leaves) everywhere.
Листопа́д /lystopad/ – November
This word has two parts: лист (листо́к – leaf) і пад (па́дати – to fall). Листопад is a time when leaves are falling.
Now you know the Ukrainian months. Do you find them unique? What is your favourite month?