This column is a part of a series of articles about Ukrainian culture and history. Our mission is to be your guide to the language, culture, and history of your Ukrainian ancestors. So follow us and learn more about your roots.
Ukrainian architecture is diverse and fascinating. It combines different styles and traditions, the day’s fashion, and local flair. Ukrainian Architecture Part 1
Today we’ll tell you about soviet and contemporary architecture in Ukraine.
The three major architectural styles in the USSR are constructivism, Stalinist architecture, and Soviet modernism.
Constructivist architecture developed in the Soviet Union in the 1920s.
A significant characteristic of constructivism was the use of 3D cubism.
Soviet architects used concrete frames, radio antennae, tension cables, and steel girders. Straight lines, cylinders, cubes, and rectangles – are the most significant forms of the time.
The majority of structures were constructed of bricks and then stuccoed and painted.
Natural stone and marbles were frequently employed to finish the interiors of civic buildings, and propagandistic motifs were frequently used to decorate them.
The style was prominent between 1955 and 1991. After the death of Joseph Stalin, the new head of the country was Nikita Khrushchev, who gave an order to reduce the cost of the new constructions. That’s why many buildings were very simple and had relatively poor quality.
The features of Soviet modernism:
the use of facing materials (marble, sandstone, shell rock or cheaper analogues);
mosaic panels and other modernist decoration elements;
massive glazing of the surfaces of buildings.
The style was influenced by Brutalism and the idea of Space exploration.